Environnements d’apprentissage personnels dans les villes intelligentes : approches actuelles et perspectives
La population mondiale vivant de plus en plus dans des milieux urbains densément peuplés et technologiquement avancés, la notion de « ville intelligente » (smart city) gagne toujours plus en importance, notamment au regard de l’engagement, de la formation et de la participation des citoyens. Nous proposons de considérer les villes intelligentes comme des lieux d’apprentissage et plaidons en faveur de méthodes pédagogiques innovantes pour utiliser des technologies intégrées dans des environnements physiques afin d’encourager l’apprentissage connecté et omniprésent dans les villes intelligentes.
Cet article examine les espaces pédagogiques dans leur ensemble en les considérant comme un concept abstrait et comme espaces soutenant l'apprentissage aux niveaux individuel, organisationnel et régional.
Nos deux perspectives simultanées sont descendantes (Stratégie Europe 2020) et ascendantes (apprentissage et innovation des individus). En tant que concept abstrait, l'espace d'apprentissage se réfère plus spécifiquement à la dimension mentale de l'espace découlant de la collaboration d'experts individuels. Il se base sur la culture de la modernisation de la collaboration de triple hélice qui colore l'environnement pédagogique, et la qualité d'interaction entre la salle de classe et les agents de l'industrie, empêchant ou soutenant une meilleure synergie entre la recherche, l'éducation et l'innovation, ainsi que différentes initiatives sur la créativité et la découverte entrepreneuriale.
This study presents a quantitative and qualitative analysis of data collected from a broad range of organisations within the knowledge-intensive service sector for the MATURE Integrating Project. The research delves into the concept of Knowledge Maturing (KM), which is goal-oriented learning on a collective level, within and across organisations. This study is based on a total of 139 interviews conducted throughout Europe, and focuses on different aspects of KM.
The PLE Conference 2013 Personal Learning Environments: Learning and Diversity in the Cities of the Future
The 4th International PLE Conference 2013 will be held in Berlin, Germany together with a parallel event in Melbourne, Australia (#PLECONF) from the 10th to the 12th July 2013. The PLE Conference intends to create a space for researchers and practitioners to exchange ideas, experiences and research around the development and implementation of Personal Learning Environments (PLEs) – including the design of environments and the sociological and educational issues that they raise.
Personal Learning Environments (PLEs) are an approach to Technology- Enhanced Learning based on the principles of learner autonomy and empowerment. PLEs include methods, tools, communities, and services constituting individual learning infrastructures or ecosystems which learners use to direct their own learning and pursue their educational goals. This represents a shift away from the traditional model of learning based on knowledge transfer towards a model of learning based on knowledge construction where learners draw connections from a growing pool of online and offline resources to plan, organise, engage in, reflect on and evaluate their learning and development. By focusing on the enhancing learning of individual, yet interconnected learners, the PLE approach encompasses a diversity of learners, tools, perspectives and knowledge.
So far Personal Learning Environments have been designed and implemented in formal and informal learning contexts, such as school and higher education, work-based learning and in-company training, and in continuing education. The potential of Personal Learning Environments for crossing the boundaries of traditional learning contexts, connecting diverse communities and infrastructures has not been fully realised. Therefore, the 4th PLE Conference in 2013 aims at taking the discussion on Personal Learning Environments a step forward, providing a new impulse for PLE research and development.
The theme for the conference is learning and diversity in cities of the future. In view of the “Smart City” concept and the key priorities for research and innovation expressed in the EU Horizon 2020 framework, innovative, sustainable and inclusive solutions become crucial not only in terms of future and emerging technologies but first and foremost in terms of (i) human knowledge and skills, (ii) diverse and inclusive communities, as well as (iii) learning and knowledge networks. Hence, new forms of connected, interdisciplinary learning and cross-boundary cooperation are seen to play a critical role in the development of creative solutions and in the intelligent exploitation of networked urban infrastructures. In smart urban spaces, people, organisations and objects become interconnected by means of new technologies and media, forging new patterns of cooperation, production, research and innovation.
As smart cities we understand smart urban spaces sensu Michael de Certeau, i.e. “practiced places”, places which are transformed and constituted by dynamic and diverse elements (“a tour is different than a map”). From this perspective the following questions emerge:
What shapes can Personal Learning Environments take to support diversity, cross-boundary learning and interdisciplinary transformation of urban spaces? How can we design and implement Personal Learning Environments as part of highly interconnected social and technological infrastructures of smart cities? What technology-enhanced scenarios can be envisaged to enhance learning and diversity in cities of the future?
Let’s build transformative knowledge to drive social change. Be knowledgesiastic!
The GUNi Conference is an international forum for debate on the challenges facing higher education. Each edition of the Conference deals with an emergent issue in higher education, which is the subject also chosen for the Report. Held in Barcelona and attended by renowned experts, researchers, university leaders, academics, policymakers and practitioners from all over the world, the Conference addresses innovative proposals and ideas, as well as the results of the latest research on each subject.
This edition will explore the critical dimensions in our understanding of the roles, and potential roles, of higher education institutions (HEIs) as active player in contributing to the creation of another possible world. Within this context the Conference looks to answer the call of the challenges of our time, while maintaining an eye towards the future regarding the role of knowledge and HEIs.
This paper was published by Erik Duval and Katrien Verbert at eLearning and Education, Vol. 8.
The article provides a brief introduction to the domain of ‘learning analytics’ by explaining the background and idea behind the concept, and providing a brief overview of current research and controversial issues.
European universities have to redefine their multilingual models to adapt to the challenges of globalization and make better use of the possibilities offered by ICT tools in e-learning environments
European universities have to make a greater commitment to multilingualism as it enhances student creativity and competitiveness. This means that not only must they make better use of existing ICT tools to aid learning and online work in different languages, but they should also consider developing these technologies. This is one of the principal conclusions of the European Union funded EUNoM project, which the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC) has been coordinating for three years and in which numerous European universities and acclaimed international experts have participated. The final recommendations were presented to the European Parliament last 18th October, which will mark the culmination of the project.
According to Miquel Strubell, director of the UOC Chair in Multilingualism and coordinator of EUNoM, the academic project also recommends that:
- Universities refocus on multilingualism and multiculturalism as strategic challenges and values.
- The agents of the so-called triple helix of university, industry and government be aware of the importance of multilingualism to improve their competitiveness in the present context of globalization and the knowledge economy, in contrast with the growing trend of establishing a uniform model with English as the dominant lingua franca.
- In order to create alternatives to this monolingual model, universities foster research into the different models of multilingualism that can act as a more efficient cornerstone for their syllabuses and online language learning.
- Universities make business and entrepreneurs understand that these multicultural learning models will help them attract more creative talent and, in particular, provide them with a greater ability to understand their respective national markets.
With regard to the need to develop the technologies required to be able to work in online multilingual work environments, underlined by these final recommendations, Miquel Strubell added that “it is a field in which the UOC could lead the research, given the knowledge that it has gained over 15 years of teaching with these types of ICT tools. The experience acquired in bilingual virtual classrooms should be extended to new language combinations and trilingual classrooms with the tools that we have been developing for computer-assisted translation.”
The conclusions to the EUNoM Project also highlighted the need to “bring together leading specialists” in order to refocus language learning and teaching in light of social and global changes and “to undertake in-depth research into the role of language in creativity and associated skills”.
With this in mind, the UOC Chair in Multilingualism plans to design an ambitious research project funded by the EU under the title ‘The multilingual challenge for the European citizen’, which will carry out a cross-disciplinary study of all the implications on all levels arising from this new sociocultural context and how best to respond to these implications.
25th October 2012
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya: http://www.uoc.edu
EUNoM - European Universities Network on Multilingualism: http://www.uoc.edu/portal/en/catedra_multilinguisme/recerca/projectes/eunom/index.html
Debates on Education is a forum organised by the Jaume Bofill Foundation and the UOC, with the collaboration of MACBA, with the aim of encouraging debate on current affairs and background events that we believe to be key to the challenges and problems that have to be faced in education in terms of the social, political and economic context in which we live.
This debate is organised in collaboration with the Catalan School Board as part of its conference on The Impact and Contribution of Digital Technologies in Education.