Didactic architectures and organization models: a process of mutual adaptation
This article aims to establish a parallel between the organizational models and the didactic architectures used by businesses to manage internal training. The objective is to understand whether so-called "eLearning 2.0" (eLearning based on the tools and approaches typical of web 2.0) can be useful in different frameworks and organisations. In this context, the paper looks at whether it is possible to identify a mutual process of adaptation among the organizational and training models we term didactic architectures.
During the analysis, four different organizational models are introduced (industrial society, post-industrial society, enterprise 1.0 and enterprise 2.0), and the corresponding evolution of didactic architectures is suggested (web based training, eLearning 1.0, online education, eLearning 2.0).
In a knowledge society where time to market is fast and competence domains are widened and in rapid evolution, organizations are forced to move towards the so called enterprise 2.0 model, characterized by an intensive use of blogs, wikis, social bookmarking and RSS. These organizations have a flat structure and are based on the principle of autonomy. This article asserts that in these contexts, training and vocational systems based on the same principles - namely autonomy, informal style and an open approach - can be implemented. In other more traditional frameworks, formal eLearning based on LMS platforms will continue to represent an effective solution: as long as users do not become familiar with the functionalities offered by 2.0 technologies and thus become actors of change.
The document is structured in three parts: The first chapter analyses four different didactic architectures, highlighting the differences between eLearning 1.0 and eLearning 2.0; the second chapter describes organizational models and introduces the relation with the didactic architectures, and the third chapter highlights the process of mutual adaptation between didactic architectures and organization models.